… and even more – because I am a Christian.
I will not write about the problems that some people of faith have with evolution. I would rather say that I believe in progress and evolution, not mere change, because I am under the authority of tradition. And even more, because I am a Christian.
In the Pagan societies of old, people were not like we are today. They accepted perennial tradition as the basis on which they will shape their lives, values, knowledge, etc. Thus, speaking from the point of view of the problem of metaphysical universals, they accepted universals as real, and particulars as particulars. They were realists. The wisdom of the generations of old was superior to one’s own, and thus one accepted what mother and father told them is good and what is bad. One was taught ethical and aesthetical values, and accepted them as true simply because the wisdom of my ancestors was superior to mine.
Pagans worshiped, to an extent, good things. They worshiped their emperor, their ancestors, and the forces of nature. Jews and Christians say that these things are good – God created something and “God saw that it was good.” They refer to the best of their ancestors as Patriarchs, for example. In a way, Jews and Christians agree that being human is good and that our ancestors had knowledge of the deepest truths of life – of the fallibility of human nature, of the superiority of some things over others.
When Christians and Jews were persecuted, they were persecuted because they did not worship nature; they refused to say that the Roman Emperor was the divine Emperor of Emperors. The God they believed in transcended nature, while the Pagan gods did not transcend it. They transcended man, yes, they ordered nature, yes, but did not create it, did not predate the cosmos. The Judeo-Christian God was the Eternal Creator, he was as mighty as might itself can be, and no one was equal to Him.
Darwin, in the 19th century, made a decisive step in the scientific theory of evolution. But the word evolution, having a very theological sense back then, does not occur in his works. I will now argue that, in fact, the modern atheist and materialist, who believes in no transcendent authority than their individual self, cannot believe in evolution.
The word evolution means a change, from the inferior to the superior. A pagan, and every person who believes tradition, would say that the changes that happened in species were good. That from mud, we got organic beings. From them, we got animals, which could move themselves by the impulses of their brains. From animals, we got man, who was a rational creature and conscious of himself. Man was aware of time, and knew how to control his impulses. “And God saw that it was good.” Thus, man is not just a creature with more complexity, but a creature which is superior to the other creatures. And, in Judeo-Christian eyes, a creature that is in the image of its Creator – a creature that is able to say “I”.
But from a materialistic perspective, that was not an evolution. That was simply the generation of a creature with a more complex brain, complex enough to be able to discover “evolution”. But since we are no longer under the authority of tradition, of “it was good”, that is mere change. The individual person can say he likes man more than animals, but all values are personal.
Then, this was not progress (in the sense of from one thing to a thing better than the first), nor an evolution. That is simply a change.
Of course, my argument is not a serious argument against anything. I was simply making a point. I know that most man believe in the myth that the Enlightenment overthrew traditional authority and gave the individual an authority. But then, man not only overthrew the Christian definition of God. Man overthrew the pagan definition of man (as pointed out in this article).
So, when we traditionalists point out that we defend the family, we defend it not simply as Christians, but as people who have a traditional understanding of what it means to be human.
A third point that I want to make. Chesterton once said this:
“The attack on Christianity is of Christian origin. There is one thing, and one thing only, in existence at the present day which can in any sense accurately be said to be of pagan origin, and that is Christianity.”
Why is this? The explanation that I will give is not only important to modern atheists, but also to modernist Christians.
Christianity, as I said, believed that most of the things the pagans found good were, truly, good. But they were not divine. The goodness they had was an image of the goodness of the Good Lord, of the Creator. But Christianity has preached something very radical, and the Apostle said it very well – “we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumbling-block, and unto the Greeks foolishness.” (1 Cor 1:23) And foolishness it was. Christ was the Way, the Truth and the Light. He is God, and all things good lead to him, because they are good as His creation.
That Idea lead Christians to believe that mankind was saved – man is no longer a slave of death and sin, he was free. The ultimate desires of man, that for which God created him, were undermined by man’s original sin, by his turning away from God. But now mankind is redeemed, and, though this world is good, we should not be attached to it.
These ideas lead to the radical utopianisms of cosmopolitanism and modernism. Man was no longer to be contented with this world, as it was. The family, as Christians believe, is good, it is part of the worldly way of life. But man was no longer to be attached to it, or not the most. Man was to become the New Man, part of the New Creation, living in a “new heaven and a new earth”. The last and ultimate step in evolution.
The Enlightenment was a tool of the Antichrist (anti – not in the sense against, but instead of Christ). It wanted man to forget that the biggest step towards radical progress (change for the good) was taken in 33 AD when Christ was crucified and rose from the dead, and replace it with modernity. Antiquity was good, the Middle Ages were (the now-refuted myth of) the Dark Ages, and modernity was salvation, modern man – the New Man. This is why the French Revolution created a new calendar and a new religion of reason. The Christian utopia was not to be anticipated – man had to live it “here and now”. And the Revolution centralized the political power so that all dissenters (heretics) would be crushed.
The difference is not in the goal of fulfilling the ultimate desire of man, but in what is that desire. For modernism, the ultimate desire of man was simply the natural desires, and that’s all. For Christianity, the ultimate desire of man is God Himself. All our desires, including the most perverse ones, will find their ultimate satisfaction… in God. Heaven is distinguished from the world we live in, because only God, is an end in Himself. The world is a means to an end. And Hell is willfully and deeply rejecting to live in Heaven.
Attempting to create a heaven on earth ends generally in creating a hell on earth, even if the soul of the person who does it is filled with love of mankind. Read the Grand Inquisitor by Dostoyevsky (in the novel The Brothers Karamazov), as well as the chapter preceding it, if you want to more fully understand the idea.
But liberal belief in man being born a tabula rasa is really a kind of pelagianism – a denial of man’s corrupt nature.
Pagans believed Christ and salvation to be folly. But so would they have believed of the Enlightenment – for the wisdom of the ancestors was a divine authority for them. That is why Wicca is not pagan – it is a modernistic and moronic parody of paganism. The New Right and GRECE will be subjects for another time – until then, you can read this article.